"Acting in that belief, the Polish Government, instructed the underground
authorities in Poland on October 27, 1943, to continue and intensify their
resistance to the German invaders, to avoid all conflicts with the Soviet
armies entering Poland in their battle against the Germans, and to enter into
co-operation with the Soviet commanders in the event of the resumption
of Polish-Soviet relations.
" If a Polish-Soviet agreement such as the Polish Government has
declared itself willing to conclude had preceded the crossing of the frontier
of Poland by the Soviet forces,, such an agreement would have enabled the
Polish Underground Army to co-ordinate its action against the Germans
with the Soviet military authorities.
" The Polish Government still considers such an arrangement highly
desirable. At this crucial moment, the importance of which, for the course
of the war and for its outcome in Europe, is evident to everyone., the Polish
Government issues the above declaration, confident in final victory and in
the triumph of the just principles for which the United Nations stand."
On the day following the issue of this Statement, the Polish Prime
Minister,, in a broadcast to his country, testified to the legal foundations
of the Underground Authorities in Poland. On the question of Polish-
Soviet relations^ the Premier added :
" We should have preferred to meet the Soviet troops not merely as
allies of our allies, fighting the same common enemy, but as our own allies
as well. We demand respect for the rights and interests of the Polish Re-
public, its supreme authorities and its citizens, in any war situation and at
any stage of the development of the international situation."
The same thoughts were expressed by the Underground Political
Representation, who3 in a telegram to its Premier in London on January 8,
upheld his statement declaring that,
<c the country is fully aware of the difficult and delicate situation engendered
by the advance of the Soviet armies into the territories of our Republic
without prior agreement and re-instatement of normal diplomatic relations
with the Polish Government.
" The country is entirely in agreement with the Government in its
endeavour to re-instate and uphold good neighbourly relations with Russia,
but at the same time stand inflexible, and will so stand under any circum-
stances whatsoever, that the Polish eastern frontier as established in the
Treaty of Riga should remain intact . . . We are decidedly opposed to any
bargaining over our rights to any part of the Polish territory,"
The Statement of the Polish Government met with a mixed reception
in the British and American Press^ which shewed a tendency to appease
the partner having the greatest force under arms.
On January na Toss published the Soviet Government's reply :—
"A declaration of the emigre Polish Government in London on the
question of Soviet-Polish relations was published on January 5. It contains
a number of incorrect assertions, including one about the Soviet-Polish
"As is known, the Soviet constitution established the Soviet-Polish border
in accordance with the will of the population of Western Ukraine and
Western White Ruthenia, expressed in a plebiscite which was carried out
on a wide democratic basis in 1939. The territories of the Western Ukraine,